The nomenclature of the new combination Fritillaria pyrenaica
L. subsp. falcata
(E. Rico) R. Alonso, de Paz & M. E. García (Liliaceae) is presented. The taxon, endemic to the Iberian Peninsula, was initially described under the illegitimate later homonym F. falcata
Caball. Herein, we correct the authorities of the basionym F. lusitanica
Wikstr. f. falcata
(Caball.) E. Rico and the replaced synonym F. nervosa
Willd. subsp. falcata
(Caball.) Fern.-Arias & Devesa.