The presence in the spontaneous flora of Romania of the species Fritillaria meleagroides
is reported in this paper. It was identified in the North of the village Cotu Morii (Popricani Commune, Iaşi County), on (meso-) hygrophilous, slightly halophilous meadows, placed on the both sides of an old meander of the Jijia River. This place is at the western limit of natural area of F. meleagroides
, which stretches from the Central Asia to the Eastern Europe (European Russia, Ukraine and Bulgaria). Since F. meleagroides
is an endangered species in large part of its natural range, we consider that urgent actions to protect its populations from Romania are necessary.