R. Wallis, R. B. Wallis & N. Özhatay from Antalya province, situated in the Mediterranean region of Turkey is described as a new species. Approximately 20 species of the genus Fritillaria
occur in Mediterranean region of Turkey, nearly 50% of which are endemic. In habit and shape of the perigone, the new species is reminiscent of F. forbesii
Baker, a Turkish endemic species distributed around Muğla province and F. elwesii
Boiss. scattered throughout SW Turkey and Aegean Islands. It differs from F. forbesii
in its very dark brownish or blackish flowers, anthers and pollen grains. It also differs from F. elwesii
in its undivided style, lack of green fascia on the perigone segments, the dark colored pollen grains and absence of bulbils. Description of the new species, taxonomic relationships, anther and pollen grain characteristics with color photographs are given.