Material of a new fritillary was mentioned in four publications by Eduard Regel in 1884, but he used different names for this material. In the first publication it was named Fritillaria eduardii
, but in the following publications the material was described as two varieties of F. imperialis
L., both odourless, one with purplish flowers and one with yellow or yellow-red flowers. Both colour varieties, but especially the latter, have been taken into cultivation. Morphological observations and crossing experiments have established that both varieties do not belong to F. imperialis
and should be accommodated in F. eduardii
. New names for these varieties are proposed, following E. Regel’s intention as closely as possible.