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Cytotaxonomical analysis of eleven Turkish Fritillaria L. (Liliaceae) taxa

IUFS Journal of Biology 75(2): 19-28 (2016)
¹Istanbul University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Beyazit, Istanbul, Turkey.
²GAP Agricultural Research Institute, Sanlıurfa, Turkey
³Central Horticultural Research Institute, Yalova/Turkey

Kocyigit et al. 2016


This paper reports the chromosome numbers of eleven Turkish Fritillaria taxa from seventeen populations along with their karyotypes and ideograms. They are F. hermanis subsp. amana (Rix) R.Wallis & R.B.Wallis 2n=24, F. armena Boiss. 2n=24 (endemic), F. aurea Schott 2n=24 (endemic), F. crassifolia Boiss. & A.Huet subsp. crassifolia 2n=24 (endemic), F. crassifolia Boiss. & A.Huet subsp. kurdica (Boiss. & Noë) Rix 2n=24 (endemic), F. imperialis L. 2n=26+2B, 24+3B, 24, 26+3B, F. minuta Boiss. & Noë 2n=24, F. persica L. 2n=24, F. pinardii Boiss. 2n=24, 24+5B, F. uva-vulpis Rix 2n=36 and F. viridiflora Post 2n=24 (endemic). The Fritillaria uva-vulpis was the only triploid, others were diploid with some B chromosomes. The basic chromosome numbers were counted as x= 12 or 13. For all karyological characters of taxa, the correlation coefficient was defined and grouping was performed by cluster analysis (UPGMA, similarity) and by ordination based on principal-components analysis (PCA).

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