NEWS 2019

Karyotypic variation in five species of the genus Fritillaria (Liliaceae)

Fatemeh HAZBAVI1, Shahla HOSSEINI1, Ghader MIRZAGHADERI2, Mahfooz ADVAY3
Iranian Journal of Botany 25(2): 127-134 (2019)
1Department of Biological Science and Biotechnology, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
2Ghader Mirzaghaderi, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
3Mahfooz Advay, Department of Plant Sciences, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Hazbavi et al. 2019


In this study, karyotypes of five Fritillaria species including F. avromanica, F. assyriaca, F. chlorantha, F. persica and F. raddeana belonging to three subgenera are presented. All species were diploid (2n = 2x = 24) with mean chromosome length of 15.86 μm. Four chromosome types (‘‘m’’, ‘‘sm’’, ‘‘st’’, ‘‘T’’) made five different karyotypic formula. Chromosome count of F. avromanica (2n = 2x = 24) is a new report. Analysis of variance for eight chromosomal parameters revealed inter specific chromosomal variation. Based on different karyotype asymmetry indices including TF %, CV %, A2, AI, AsK %, S%, F. assyriaca had the most asymmetrical karyotype. Based on Fluorescence in situ hybridization result, 4 and 6, 35S rDNA loci were observed for F. raddeana and F. persica respectively, which mainly located at distal or telomeric regions of chromosomes.

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